Giacomo Girolamo Casanova (born April 2, 1725 in Venice (the Republic of Venice, now in Italy) and died June 4, 1798 in Dux (Kingdom of Bohemia, present Czech Republic), is a Venetian adventurer, Writer, magician (for the sole purpose of swindling Madame d’Urfe), a spy, a diplomat, and later a librarian, but still claimed his “Venetian” status.
He uses many pseudonyms, the most frequent being the Chevalier de Seingalt (pronounced St. Gallen); It publishes in French under the name of “Jacques Casanova de Seingalt”.
Casanova leaves an abundant literary work, especially his memoirs known as the Story of my life. He is, however, best known today as an adventurer, and especially as the man who made his name a synonym for “seduction.” He knew how to use both charm and perfidy to conquer women. This reputation comes from an autobiographical work, Histoire de ma vie, written in French and considered one of the most authentic sources of customs and etiquette used in Europe in the eighteenth century. He mentions one hundred and forty-two women with whom he had sexual relations, including barely pubescent girls and his own daughter, who was then married to one of his freemason “brothers”, with whom he would have had the only Son of whom he was aware.
Although he is often associated with Don Juan as a seducer, his life did not follow the same philosophy: he was not a collector. Sometimes presented (as by Fellini in his homonymous film) as a puppet or a mechanical fornicator, who turns away from his conquest as soon as she gave herself to him, he attached himself, and eventually rescued her. He was a historical figure, not a legend, an enjoyer and exuberant; he lived as a man free from thought and action, from the early successes of his youth to his long decline. He is the brother of the painter Francesco Casanova.